Since the destruction caused by the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Canaan has evolved as a new urban slum in the northern periphery of the capital. This previously rural sector is now home to thousands of families living with insufficient infrastructure and public services. The simulation is based on a 3D model of the settlement, GIS and demographic databases. It recreates the past six years of informal urban growth and simulates two future scenarios: a positive scenario in which the settlement improves and vulnerabilities are reduced (according to priorities and needs expressed by local citizens and organizations); and a negative scenario in which additional disasters occur, and vulnerabilities increase. The simulation aims at creating awareness about the key issues to be considered in planning, prevention and policy. It also helps understanding the interaction between factors of vulnerability.
Produced by the Canadian Disaster Resilience and Sustainable Reconstruction Research Alliance (Œuvre durable) and Université de Montréal with the support of the Advanced Disaster, Emergency and Rapid Response Simulation Project funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. Additional funding from: The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the Fonds de recherche du Québec – société et culture.